The crest of the Third Republic of Armenia was reestablished with slight modifications in 1991 from the original coat of arms of the 1st Republic of Armenia that restored the Armenian State in 1918. The shield is supported on either side by an eagle and a lion. These are both symbols of historic Armenian royalty. The center of the shield includes the Biblical establishment of Armenia after the Great Flood and Noah's Ark resting on top of Mount Ararat, the sacred symbol of Armenia and the Armenian nation. Subsequently, the center portion representing Noah's Ark and Mount Ararat is joined by the insignias of the four Armenian dynasties that followed the Aramian House of Ararat in the 7th century BC:
- The bottom left portion represents the Artaxiad Royal House, the insignia is particularly famously represented in the Armenian silver and gold coins of the Armenian emperor Tigranes the Great of the Artaxiad Dynasty in the early half of the Ist century BC.
- The upper right portion represents the Armenian Royal House of the Arsacids, among whose most famed representatives was Tiridates III who, with the support of Catholicos St. Gregory the Illuminator, made Armenia the first Christian nation in 301 AD.
- The upper left portion represents the Royal House of the Bagratids, under whose gifted leadership in the Middle Ages, Armenian culture blossomed, represented with the grandeur of towns such as Ani - the Town of 1001 Churches - as it was called by its contemporaries in praise of the town. The Town of Ani was called "the Jewel of the East", and became one of the most important cultural, social and commercial centers of its time. The town was sacked and looted with the coming of the Turco-Mongol invasions from Central Asia led by the nomadic chieftain Alp-Arslan in the 11th century.
- The bottom right portion represents the Rubenid Royal House of Cilician Armenia. Cilician Armenia or Little Armenia as it was known to Western historians was to the west of historic Greater Armenia on the beautiful shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Cilician Armenia under the gifted dynasties of the Rubenids and Hetumids, with prominent representatives such as Leon the Magnificent and Hetum I became a major commercial and cultural center with its beautiful towns such as the capital of Sis and renowned town-ports such as Ayas. The bustling port-town of Ayas had in the 12th-13th centuries Armenian, French, Greek, Jewish, Venetian, Genoan and Pisan boroughs that were populated by merchants and craftsmen doing business with people from all over the world, from all walks of life. The town-port was obliterated and destroyed in the 15th century by the Ottoman Turks.
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