The English surname Hickson is of patronymic origin meaning son of, or descendent of Hicke. The medieval personal name Hicke, a pet form of Richard. The surname Hickson is most commonly found in the southwest of England and southern Wales. Early recordings of the personal name include Richard Hick in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire in the year 1302, and William Hickys as spelt in the pipe rolls of Warwickshire in 1309. A notable bearer of the name or a variant is Bill Hicks the American comedian.