The English surname Holley, chiefly found in Yorkshire, is a topographic name from the Middle English term holin, holi(e) meaning “holly tree.” Early records of the name include John (de) Holley in the Subsidy Tax Rolls of the county of Cumberland in 1332, and Alicia de Holyns in the poll tax rolls of the county of Yorkshire in 1379. Sir William Holleys was lord mayor of London in 1539, during the reign of King Henry V111th (1510 -1547). The name is also found in Scotland and Ireland. The name was first brought to the New World in 1635 when immigration records show the arrival of Elizabeth Holley in Boston. Today there are approximately 30,000 bearers of the name Holley in the United States.