The English surname Raynes, also found in Scotland, is an habitational name for someone from Rayne in Essex, recorded in Domesday Book as Raines, possibly from an unattested Old English word, hrægene meaning “shelter, or eminence.” The name may also be of Norman origin being an habitational name from Rennes in Brittany. The name is first recorded in Essex in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is first recorded in the New World in 1652 when Robert Raynes emigrated to Virginia. Today there are approximately 1,800 bearers of the name Raynes living in the US.
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