The English, Scottish, and Irish surname Robison is a patronymic name meaning son of, or descendant of, Robin. The personal name Robin is a pet form of Robert. The name is mainly associated with the north country of England and was the name of one of the famous four English clans of North Tyneside (Northumberland) in the 16th Century. The surname first appears in the Poll Tax rolls of the county of Yorkshire in the year 1379, when Richard Robson and Thomas Robyson are so recorded. The name is first recorded in the New World in 1656 when Giles Robison arrived in Virginia. Today there are approximately 24,000 bearers of the name Robison living in the United States.