The German surname Schankweiler is an habitational name derived from the municipality of the same name located in the district of Bitburg-Prüm, in Rhineland-Palatinate, western Germany, next to Luxembourg. The name is first recorded in German records in the 15th Century. The name is first recorded in the US in 1840 with 2 families of the name residing in Indiana, and by 1880 additional families were recorded in Ohio and Illinois. Today there are only 114 people in the US with the original Schankweiler spelling and 665 with the Shonkwiler spelling.
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