The English surname Adkins is derived from the Middle English personal name Adkin, a pet form of Adam that was in use particularly in the English Midlands. Early recordings of the name include John Adekynes (Warwickshire, 1332); Willelmus Adkynson (the Poll Tax Returns of Howdenshire, 1379); and Johannes Attekyson (Yorkshire, 1379). On October 4th 1657, George, son of George and Susanna Adkins, was christened at St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London. Robert Adkins, noted in the "Dictionary of National Biography", was chaplain to Oliver Cromwell. Niccodemus Adkins was an early arrival in the New World immigrating to Virginia in 1635. Today there are approximately 72,000 bearers of the name Adkins in the US.