The English surname Alderman, found most frequently in Southern England, is a status name from the Middle English term alderman, Old English ealdorman, literally ‘elder’. In medieval England an alderman was a member of the governing body of a city or borough; also the head of a guild. In Anglo-Saxon England an alderman was a person of high esteem; appointed by the King to administer justice in a shire, and to lead the local militia into battle. Recordings from London Church Registers include the marriage of Agnes Alderman and Richard Barnes at St. Margaret's, Westminster, on November 28th 1580. An early namebearer to settle in the New World Colonies was Grace Alderman, aged 22 yrs., who embarked from London on the ship "Paule" bound for Virginia in July 1635.