The English and Welsh surname Charlton is an habitational name from any of the numerous places called Charlton, mainly in southern England, from the Old English term Ceorlatun meaning “ a settlement (Old English tun) of the peasants.” The Old English term ceorl denoted originally a free peasant of the lowest rank, later (but probably already before the Norman Conquest) a tenant in pure villeinage, a serf or bondsman. The name is first recorded in 1193 when Jordan de Cherleton is recorded in the "Pipe Rolls of Gloucestershire." The earliest record of the name in the New World dates to 1623 when Hanna Charlton arrived in Virginia. Today there are approximately 10,000 bearers of the name Charlton living in the United States.
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