The surname Cheyne, found in England, Scotland and Ireland is of topographic origin meaning the original bearer was named after the place they lived. In the case of the name Cheyne, it is a topographic name for someone who lived near a conspicuous oak tree, or in an oak wood, from Old French chesne ‘oak’. The name is first recorded in Buckinghamshire, England in the Domesday Book of 1086. One Abram Cheyne was an early emigrant to the New World colonies, leaving London on the "Expedition" in November 1635, bound for the Barbadoes.
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