The German surname Geiger is an occupational name for a violin player or maker, deriving from the Middle High German term giger (an agent derivative of gige meaning “violin.”) The surname is first recorded in the Rhineland in the 16th Century. Early recordings of the name in the United States include A.M. Geiger who emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1722. In 1727 Hand Jurgen Geiger also came to Pennsylvania with his wife and three children. A notable bearer of the name was Hans Geiger the German scientist and inventor of the Geiger counter.
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