The Irish surname Hanley, also found in England, is an anglicized form of the Gaelic name Ó hÁinle meaning “descendant of Áinle,” a personal name meaning “champion.”This is the name of a ruling family in the western province of Connacht; it is now common in southern Ireland. When found in England the name Hanley is an habitational name from any of various places, such as Handley in Cheshire, Derbyshire. Northamptonshire, and Dorset and Hanley in Staffordshire and Worcestershire. The name is first recorded in the New World in 1648 when Robert Hanley arrived in Maryland. Today there are approximately 19,000 bearers of the name Hanley living in the US.