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The English surname Haywood, found mainly in the Midlands, is an habitational name from any of various places, for example in Herefordshire. Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, and Staffordshire, so called from the Old English terms hæg meaning “enclosure” and wudu meaning “wood.” It was a common practice in the Middle Ages for areas of woodland to be fenced off as hunting grounds for the nobility. The name is first recorded in 1199 when Anselm de Haiwod is registered in the “Chartulary of the Priory of St. Thomas the Martyr", Staffordshire. The earliest record of the name in the New World is in 1638 when Robert Haywood arrived in Virginia from England. Today there are approximately 18,000 bearers of the name Haywood living in the United States.