The English surname Hyde is a topographic name for someone living on a hide of land, This was a variable measure of land, differing from place to place and time to time. In some cases the surname is habitational, from any of the many minor places named with this word, as for example Hyde in Greater Manchester, Bedfordshire, and Hampshire. The name is first recorded in 12th Century records when Robert de la Hyda was registered in the "Pipe Rolls of Dorset" in 1188. The earliest record of the name in the New World is in 1633 when William Hyde arrived in Massachusetts. Today there are approximately 30,000 bearers of the name Hyde living in the United States.