The English surname Pinkney, of Norman French origin, is an habitational name from Picquigny in Somme, named with a Germanic personal name, Pincino. The surname thus denotes "someone from Pincino's village". The modern surname has two forms, Pinckney and Pinkney. One Alice Pinckney was christened at St. Botolphs, Bishopsgate in London on the 29th September 1572 and the marriage of Charles Pinckney and Ursulay Channon was recorded on the 29th March 1654 at St. Benet, Paul's Wharf, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ansculfus de Pinchergi, which was dated 1086, The Domesday Book, Berkshire.The first record of the name in the New World is in 1746 when Jacob Pinckney arrived in Philadelphia. Today there are approximately 6,000 bearers of the name in the United States.
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