The English surname Raines, also found in Scotland, is an habitational name for someone from Rayne in Essex, recorded in Domesday Book as Raines, possibly from an unattested Old English word, hrægene meaning “shelter, or eminence.” The name may also be of Norman origin being an habitational name from Rennes in Brittany. The name is first recorded in Essex in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is first recorded in the New World in 1657 when Francis Raines emigrated to Barbados. Today there are approximately 20,000 bearers of the name Raine living in the US.
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