The Welsh and English surname Salisbury is an habitational name from the city named Salisbury in Wiltshire, the Roman name of which was Sorviodunum. The city is recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Sarisberie. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Salesberie in 1115, in the "Winton Rolls, Hampshire." William Salisbury was an early settler in the New World, recorded as living in the "Plantacion over against James Cittie" in Virginia in 1622. Today there are approximately 13,000 bearers of the surname Salisbury living in the US.
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