The English surname Sherwood is an habitational name from a place in Nottinghamshire, around which once stood the famous Sherwood Forest. The place is so called from the Old English terms scir meaning “shire” or scir meaning “bright’ and wudu meaning “wood.” The earliest reference to the name is in the late 13th Century when Ralph de Scirwode is registered in the Pipe Rolls of Lincoln in 1273. The first record of the name in the New World is in 1621 when Peter Sherwood arrived in Virginia from England. Today there are approximately 21,000 bearers of the name Sherwood living in the US.
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