The Scottish surname Stirling is an habitational name from the city of Stirling in central Scotland, the name of which is of uncertain etymology. It is recorded in the 12th century as Strevelin, and is perhaps from a river name. Early examples of the surname include: Peter de Striuelin who witnessed a gift of the church of Karreden to the Abbey of Holyrood, c.1158; Thomas de Striuelyn, archdeacon of Glasgow (1228), and Sir John Stirling, who swore fealty in 1291. The name is recorded in the New World in 1651 when Thomas Stirling arrived in Boston. Today there are approximately 2700 bearers of the name Stirling living in the US.