The English, French and Scottish surname Temples is an occupational or habitational name for someone who was employed at or lived near one of the houses (‘temples’) maintained by the Knights Templar, a crusading order so named because they claimed to occupy in Jerusalem the site of the old temple. The order was founded in 1118 and flourished for 200 years, but was suppressed as heretical in 1312. The surname may also be of Scottish locational origin, from the parish of Temple in Edinburgh, likewise so called because it was the site of the local headquarters of the Knights Templar. Early recordings taken from authentic registers include William Temple, listed in the Calendar of Pleas for the City of London in 1380, whilst Agnes de Temple held lands in Haddington, Scotland, in 1429.
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