The Spanish surname Zamora is an habitational name from the city of Zamora in northwestern Spain, capital of the province which bears its name. The town of Zamora lies on a rocky hill in the northwest, near the frontier with Portugal and crossed by the Duero river, which is some 50 km downstream as it reaches the Portuguese frontier. The name means 'wild olives', and the surname dates back to at least the 16th century and the time of Spains conquest of the southern American continent. The name is also one of the earliest recorded in California, Maria Rita Zamora, being married to Andres Bermudez at the Presidio de Santa Cruz, Somona, California, in 1766, when the state was still part of the Spanish Empire. Today there are approximately 45,000 bearers of the name Zamora living in the United States.